Binary files are files that store information in a non-textual format using arbitrary byte values. They are application-dependent and contain data that is processable by computers but usually not understandable by humans because they do not contain readable characters or words.
These files are designed to be processed efficiently and quickly. Stored inside are a variety of information, including executable programs, images, videos, audio files, archive files such as ZIP or TAR, as well as databases and more. Usually, they are not intended for manual processing by humans. They are interpreted and processed by special software.
Binary files are characterized by their ability to store data in a form that is directly understood by a computer's hardware and applications. This makes them versatile, from storing media content to running programs.